Monday, May 16, 2011

Free Will Versus Determinism

Too many people are confused about free will and determinism. That includes, unfortunately, Muslims. Following comments should be of help, Lord Most High willing.
(Translation and Comments by Abdullah Yusuf Ali)
Surah Al Muddaththir (74)
54.  Nay, this surely is an admonition:
55.  Let any who will, keep it in remembrance!

C5807. The Qur'an itself is the admonition-the latest among the revealed Books of Allah. If man has the will to learn, he will keep the Message always before Him, and Allah's grace will help him to carry it out in his conduct.

56.  But none will keep it in remembrance except as Allah wills:
        He is the Lord of Righteousness, and the Lord of Forgiveness.
Surah Al Takwir (81)
27.  Verily this is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds:
28.  (With profit) to whoever among you wills to go straight.

C5996.  Allah is the Cherisher of the Worlds, Lord of Grace and Mercy, and His guidance is open to all who have the will to profit by it. But that will must be exercised in conformity with Allah's Will (verse 29). Such conformity is Islam.
Verse 28 points to human free-will and responsibility; verse 29 to its, limitations. Both extremes, viz.,: cast-iron Determinism and an idea of Chaotic Free-will, are condemned.

29.  But ye shall not will Except as Allah wills,
        The Cherisher of the Worlds.